Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums (the gingiva) that is caused by bacterial infection. It is often the result of poor dental hygiene. A build up of plaque is formed from a mixture of bacteria, food deposits and mucus. If it is allowed to remain on the teeth, the bacteria it contains produce toxins that can cause inflammation of the gums through infection.


The infection is painless and people may not be aware that they have gingivitis. However, when the gums become swollen and inflamed, they may become painful. Another sign is if they are a darker colour at the gum line. It is vital to prevent the infection reaching too deep into the gum as this can lead to major tooth decay.


Symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing,
  • Mouth sores,
  • Inflammation or puffiness of the gums,
  • Bad breath.

Gingivitis is a condition, which, if left untreated, can cause gum recession and ultimately, major dental problems. Gingivitis can lead to the gums receding from the teeth which in turn causes the teeth to fall out. The best protection against the disease is provided by continued dental hygiene. Brushing your teeth twice a day for 2-3 minutes, flossing and the use of a mouth wash are vital for ensuring proper oral hygiene. Regular visits to your dentist will help you to maintain good dental health.


Our Advice

  • The best protection against gum disease is to brush your teeth regularly for 2-3 minutes twice a day. Flossing and the use of an antibacterial mouthwash containing chlorhexidine may also help.
  • You should visit your dentist regularly to have your teeth cleaned professionally.
  • We also stock a range of toothbrushes, toothpaste and dental floss to help with your oral hygiene.
  • Our pharmacist will be able to provide advice on different types of mouthwash available to treat gingivitis.

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