Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums (the gingiva) that is caused by bacterial infection. It is often the result of poor dental hygiene. A build up of plaque is formed from a mixture of bacteria, food deposits and mucus. If it is allowed to remain on the teeth, the bacteria it contains produce toxins that can cause inflammation of the gums through infection.
The infection is painless and people may not be aware that they have gingivitis. However, when the gums become swollen and inflamed, they may become painful. Another sign is if they are a darker colour at the gum line. It is vital to prevent the infection reaching too deep into the gum as this can lead to major tooth decay.
Symptoms of gingivitis include:
Gingivitis is a condition, which, if left untreated, can cause gum recession and ultimately, major dental problems. Gingivitis can lead to the gums receding from the teeth which in turn causes the teeth to fall out. The best protection against the disease is provided by continued dental hygiene. Brushing your teeth twice a day for 2-3 minutes, flossing and the use of a mouth wash are vital for ensuring proper oral hygiene. Regular visits to your dentist will help you to maintain good dental health.